The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a hinge connecting the lower jaw to the skull. Any damage to the TMJ can result in severe jaw pain and tenderness. The exact cause can be precisely diagnosed only by a doctor, but can generally be caused by arthritis, frequent teeth grinding, genetic disorder, etc.
Doctors by listening and feeling the joint and by observing the range of motion of the jaw and by pressing on the surrounding areas can diagnose any problem in the TMJ. Common symptoms of TMJ disorder include:
Depending on the diagnosis, dentist can prescribe medicines or therapy to cure the disease. Depending on the severity of the problems, the level of expertise will vary.
All dentists are capable of identifying and treating diseases or problems related to the TMJ. In acute and severe cases, a higher level of expertise from specialists is warranted.